The twentieth century witnessed the design of amalgamation of new materials that are still used extensively in the manufacturing of semiconductors. Ceramic engineering, as we know it today, involves state-of-the-art processes. The material is inert and inorganic, with a crystalline oxide base.
The resultant product is always brittle, but strong in compression. This material is able to withstand very high temperatures and chemical erosion and survives well even in a strong caustic environment. Traditional raw materials that go into its manufacturing include kaolinite, silicon carbide, tungsten carbide, and aluminum oxide (alumina).
The technology has helped in developing a sophisticated material, over the years, for greater aesthetics. The initial hand-rolled coils took no time to evolve into fuel efficient glazes that were developed in special kilns.
The mixture of copper, water, and soluble soda, resulted in a technical oddity that was commonly referred to as 'high temperature ceramic' around 5000 BC. Dedicated experiments by the Chinese brought forth porcelain and unique glazes, that the world continues to use for aesthetic appeal even today.
The glazes kept getting more and more sophisticated with the use of wood ash, true porcelain, and glass powder. Potters persistently experimented with the material till 700 BC. It was not until 7 AD that elaborate tunnel and climbing kilns changed the look of the material in the Kaolin region of China.
Ceramic tableware, pottery products, and sanitary ware, are a common sight in homes across the globe. In the industrial sector, it is used in the manufacturing of gas burner nozzles and ballistic protection equipment, bio-medical implants, uranium oxide pellets, and nose cones used in the manufacturing of missiles.