Inventions by Women

Inventions by Women

Some of the greatest inventions by women are covered in this article. These innovations have had a major impact on the world, ever since they began to be used commercially.
Historyplex Staff
Not so long ago, women were considered to be good for managing household duties. However, Mary Dixon Kies in 1809 changed the way they were portrayed in a progressive male dominated society. She became the first woman in the US to receive a patent for inventing a process that weaved straw with silk and thread. This invention boosted the nation's hat industry, during an era when hats were in vogue. By 1840, about 20 women inventors followed suit, and earned patents for their inventions related to tools, cooking stoves, fire places, and apparel. However, women soon mastered other complicated fields, and came up with some useful contributions.
Great Inventions by Women
Women like Sally Fox had an intelligent mind to come up with something innovative. She designed the process to produce naturally colored cotton, which not only helped her build a USD 10 million dollar business, but was also found to be environment friendly. Margaret Knight thought of a device that could automatically stop a machine if a mill worker got caught in it. She conceived this idea when she was only 12 years old, and went on to invent a machine that helped to make the flat-bottom paper bags that are used even today.
Invention by Women Women Inventors Year
Circular Saw Tabitha Babbit 1812
Submarine lamp and telescope Sarah Mather 1845
Cooking Stove Elizabeth Hawk 1867
Paper-bag-making machine Margaret Knight 1871
Night Signals' or flares that helped ships communicate messages at night. Martha J. Coston 1871
Dishwasher Josephine Cochran 1872
Globes Ellen Fitz 1875
Locomotive Chimney Mary Walton 1879
Alphabet blocks Adeline D. T. Whitney 1882
Life Raft Maria Beaseley 1882
Folding cabinet bed Sarah E. Goode 1885
Fire Escape Anna Connelly 1887
Rolling pin Catherine Deiner 1891
Ironing board Sarah Boone 1892
Car Heater Margaret Wilcox 1893
Medical syringe Letitia Geer 1899
Street-cleaning machine Florence Parpart 1900
Dandruff shampoo Josie Wanous Stuart 1903
Windshield Wiper Mary Anderson 1903
Rotary engine Margaret Knight 1904
Refrigerator Florence Parpart 1914
Engine muffler El Dorado Jones 1917
Electric Hot Water Heater Ida Forbes 1917
Microelectrode Ida Henrietta Hyde 1930
Chocolate chips and chocolate chip cookies Ruth Graves Wakefield 1930
Micro-thin barium stearate film invention that can make glass completely non-reflective and "invisible". Kathering J. Blodgett 1938
Girdle made of latex for women Ruth Kapinas 1938
Disposable Diaper Marion Donovan 1946
Liquid Paper®, quick drying liquid to correct printed material Bessie Nesmith 1951
Apgar tests, which evaluate a baby's health upon birth Virginia Apgar 1952
6-marcaptopurine Gertrude Belle Elion 1953
Scotchgard™ fabric protector Patsy O. Sherman 1956
Barbie doll Ruth Handler 1959
Satellite-propulsion system that satellites stay in orbit for longer periods Yvonne Brill 1960
Direct and Return Mailing Envelope Beulah Henry 1962
Snugli® baby carrier Ann Moore 1965
Kevlar, a steel-like fiber used in radial tires, crash helmets, and bulletproof vests Stephanie Kwolek 1966
Pansy-ette Bath Aid that is sponge bathing pillow which is used to help support a baby in the tub Pansy Ellen Essman 1969
Cytanovich Reading System for dyslexics, and children with learning disabilites Kay Cytanovich 1977
Apnea Detection Device, an alarm that helps detect when an infant stops breathing Mary Horn 1984
Drinking Fountain Device Laurene O'Donnell 1985
Blissymbol Printer Rachel Zimmerman mid-1980s
Battery Container Nancy Perkins 1986
Wristies K.K. Gregory 1997
Geobond Patricia Billings 1997
Disposable Cell Phone Randi Altschul 1999
Dr. Giuliana Tesoro is known to have obtained over 125 patents. She earned her Ph.D. in Chemistry from Yale University. She came up with a process that prevented static accumulation of synthetic fibers, flame resistant fiber designs, etc. Dr. Mary Grace Hooper was a B.A in mathematics and physics. She designed the famous computer language - COBOL. Dr. Temple Grandin got a Ph.D. in animal science, and designed livestock handling facilities. She also invented the objective scoring system that helped in assessment of handling of pigs and cattle at meat plants. Babara Askins won the National Inventor of the Year Award by the IPO Education Foundation in 1974. She is known to have invented a new film developing method.