There are different opinions about which is the oldest building on Earth. The questions about the antiquity of buildings can be presented in different ways.
The term 'oldest building' can refer to the remains of ancient structures or old constructions that are still being used. The debate about which is the most ancient building in the world would, therefore, continue without any concrete or true answer.
Which is the Oldest Building in the World?
It is a commonly accepted fact that temples of Malta are the oldest man-made structures found in the world. These temples on the islands of Malta, located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea, were unearthed in the year 1980 CE. They are constructed with limestone slabs and date back to around 3000 BCE.
Excavations in Eridu and Ur
In recent times, much older buildings (older than the temples of Malta) have been discovered in the ancient city of Eridu, in what is now known as Tell Abu Shahrain, in Iraq. Buildings excavated at this place date back to about 5000 BCE. Old structures are also found in the city of Ur (the modern-day Tell el-Mukayyar).
A square-shaped temple at this place, which dates back to around 4500 BCE, was built by the Sumerian King Aannipadda of Ur. This city was excavated under the supervision of Sir Charles Leonard Woolley, director of the expedition jointly conducted by the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the British Museum.
Apart from the outlines of these huts, not much can be discerned about them. These constructions are known to be from a period dating back to 120,000 BCE. In the continent of Africa, circular structures erected with stone blocks are older than these French huts and date back to the period of 1,750,000 BCE. Thus, the African history and culture is much older.
There have been much older civilizations in the past. The wheel of time moves continuously, and it gives rise to new civilizations and destroys the older ones.
The fact that we have limited access and means to find about much older civilizations forces us to accept these as the oldest buildings, and the question about which is the oldest building in the world, therefore, remains unanswered.