The thirteen colonies of North America were together known as British America, as they were the British overseas colonies. These thirteen colonies rebelled against the rule of Great Britain and gained independence in 1775. After gaining independence, provisional government was formed to proclaim the independence of America.
The treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783, to officially end the rule of Great Britain in North America and to recognize United States as an independent country.
The Treaty of Paris was signed by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and John Ray (representatives of the United States) and also by the representative of the British Monarch, David Hartley, at the Hotel de York.
The United States of America was formed on March 1, 1781, under the Articles of Confederation. John Hanson became the first President of United States under the Articles of Confederation. George Washington was the first president under the Constitution of United States of America.
The Thirteen Original States
The thirteen original colonies or states that initially formed the United States of America were New England, Middle Colonies and Southern Colonies.
The provinces which were under New England are listed here.
- New Hampshire was founded by John Mason in the year 1623 and became a royal colony in 1629.
- Connecticut was founded by Thomas Hooker in the year 1635.
- Rhode Island was founded in the year 1636 by Roger Williams.
- Massachusetts was founded by the Puritans in the year 1620 and it became a royal colony in the year 1691.
- New Jersey was established in the same year as New York and it was founded by Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley. It became a royal colony in 1702.
- William Penn founded Pennsylvania in 1682.
- Delaware was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company.
The provinces classified as southern colonies also became royal colonies.
- Maryland was founded by Lord Baltimore in the year 1634.
To sum up, the Thirteen Original Colonies were founded between 1607 and 1733 and were under the rule of the Crown of Great Britain.