"I sometimes suspect that half our difficulties are imaginary and that if we kept quiet about them they would disappear". These are the words of an Irish essayist and one of the world's famous journalists, Robert Lynd. Journalism in the older days was about truth and justice, where the "pen is mightier than the sword" was the slogan. There are innumerable journalists in history who have made a mark by proving their talent to the world. Most of them have always believed that writing for the society was the effort to let them know what the innocence of reality is. This article is not about naming these journalists, but letting you know, that writing was their passion and strength, which is the soul of journalism.
In history, as well as the present day, there were many individuals who believed that the truth has to reach the people and that is why they worked so hard. These reporters, writers, editors and famous photographers made sure the news they wrote and broadcasted was the truth.
Robert Upshur "Bob" Woodward, was born on March 26, 1943. He worked for The Washington Post since 1971, and is regarded as one of America's preeminent investigative reporters. Also, being one of the best non-fiction authors, he got his first break when he teamed up with Carl Bernstein. The two reported on the "Watergate scandal", which led to numerous government investigations, which eventually ended with the resignation of the then president, Richard Nixon.
This gossip columnist started his career by writing columns on backstage bulletin boards. He was soon hired as a New York drama critic and columnist where he gained popularity as one of the best celebrity journalists in town. He had a particular style of writing where he loved to coin new words, which eventually gained him readers all over the globe. 800 newspapers have printed his columns in his whole career.
This young woman was one of the world's first war journalists. She used photography to document the World War II and Great Depression. She used a series of pictures to tell a story out of them. She was the only woman photographer permitted in war zones by the U.S. Army and she did a great job by capturing significant moments in war. She is known to be a legendary photojournalist and is still remembered for her unusual work.
This man was a combat photojournalist who loved to be in the middle of action. His words say it all, "if your pictures aren't good enough, you aren't close enough". Capa photographed soldiers in the trenches during the Spanish civil war and even jumped with paratroopers into Germany during the World War II. He had to be the best in whatever he did, but he lost his life in the battlefield, killed by a mine while he was in Vietnam. He is mentioned in many famous journalist biographies.
She was known to be the voice of the "Baby Boomers". Since she always wanted to be a writer, and after working for her high school paper, she worked for the New York Post. She was then hired by the New York Times, where she wrote her first few columns like "Hers", "Public and Private", and many more, which gained instant popularity. Her writings on the many social, political and personal issues won her the Pulitzer Prize for commentary in 1992, .
Some of the other influential journalists of the past and present are listed below:
- Elijah Lovejoy
- Margaret Fuller
- Mathew Brady
- Samuel L. Clemens
- Jacob Riis
- Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman)
- Grantland Rice
- Ernie Pyle
- Ethel Payne
- Katharine Graham
- David Halberstam (Covered Vietnam)
- Walter Cronkite (Covered the Nuremberg Trials)
- Edward R. Murrow
- Peter Arnett (Covered both Iraq Wars)
- Ida Tarbell