Signers of the Declaration of Independence

Signers of the Declaration of Independence

Those who signed the Declaration of Independence were indeed great individuals who gave up a lot for the sake of freedom, that is enjoyed to this date. Here, we tell you who these great people were - people who gave liberty and freedom its true meaning.
The signing of the Declaration of Independence was one of the biggest events in American history. Signed on July 4, 1776, this document put an end to the then occurring war between Great Britain and the thirteen colonies of America, and declared these thirteen colonies independent from British rule. This Declaration was drafted by Thomas Jefferson between June 11 and June 28, 1776. The Declaration of Independence voiced the collective thoughts of the people of the nation, regarding their need and desire for independence. It gave a clear justification as to why independence was necessary, and now long overdue. This Declaration is perhaps what is most revered among the people of the United states of America as a symbol of its freedom, with July 4 being celebrated as the American Independence Day, every year. There were a total of 56 individuals who signed the Declaration of Independence, belonging to the thirteen colonies that existed at the time. Here, we take a look at an overview of the drafting committee, and then a list of the individuals who signed the Declaration.

Who Signed the Declaration of Independence?

To create the Declaration of Independence, a drafting committee of 5 members was brought into being. This committee included:
  • Benjamin Franklin (Pennsylvania)
  • John Adams (Massachusetts)
  • Thomas Jefferson (Virginia)
  • Roger Sherman (Connecticut)
  • Robert R. Livingston (New York)
While Thomas Jefferson would write the Declaration of Independence, the remaining members were to assist him and make any alterations if required. The original document was slightly altered by Benjamin Franklin and John Adams, and was finally given to the Congress for approval. Declared as an 'expression of the American mind' by Jefferson, the Declaration clearly stated the numerous grievances of the people of America, against King George III, the then British Emperor. However, it was also one of the most inspired pieces of writing that Jefferson became synonymous with.

The signers of the Declaration of Independence belonged to different professions and trades. Some of them were lawyers and jurors, while others were merchants, farmers and plantation owners. All of them were highly educated individuals.

Signatories
Lifetime
Connecticut
Roger Sherman1721-1793
Samuel Huntington1731-1796
William Williams1731-1811
Oliver Wolcott1726-1797
Delaware
Caesar Rodney1728-1784
George Read1733-1798
Thomas McKean1734-1817
Georgia
Button Gwinnett1735-1777
Lyman Hall1724-1790
George Walton1741-1804
Maryland
Samuel Chase1741-1811
William Paca1740-1799
Thomas Stone1743-1787
Charles Carroll1737-1832
Massachusetts
John Hancock1737-1793
Samuel Adams1722-1803
John Adams1735-1826
Robert Treat Paine1731-1814
Elbridge Gerry1744-1814
New Hampshire
Josiah Bartlett1729-1795
William Whipple1730-1785
Matthew Thornton1714-1803
New Jersey
Richard Stockton1730-1781
John Witherspoon1723-1794
Francis Hopkinson1737-1791
John Hart1711-1779
Abraham Clark1725-1794
New York
William Floyd1734-1821
Philip Livingston1716-1778
Francis Lewis1713-1802
Lewis Morris1726-1798
North Carolina
William Hooper1742-1790
Joseph Hewes1730-1779
John Penn1741-1788
Pennsylvania
Robert Morris1734-1806
Benjamin Rush1745-1813
Benjamin Franklin1706-1790
John Morton1724-1777
George Clymer1739-1813
James Smith1719-1806
George Taylor1716-1781
James Wilson1742-1798
George Ross1730-1779
Rhode Island
Stephen Hopkins1707-1785
William Ellery1727-1820
South Carolina
Edward Rutledge1749-1800
Thomas Heyward, Jr.1746-1809
Thomas Lynch, Jr.1749-1779
Arthur Middleton1742-1787
Virginia
George Wythe1726-1806
Richard Henry Lee1732-1794
Thomas Jefferson1743-1826
Benjamin Harrison1726-1791
Thomas Nelson, Jr.1738-1789
Francis Lightfoot Lee1734-1797
Carter Braxton1736-1797

Independence comes at a price, it is always said. Not all was hunky dory after the Declaration of Independence was signed. A little-known fact is that in spite of it being accepted by the Congress without any major changes, several of the signers were tortured, burned to death, and lost family and property after they went through with signing of the Declaration. These well-educated men knew what they would have to give up for the sake of freedom of the country, and yet went through with the process in larger interests. Such individuals should be respected, revered, and thanked for their sacrifice. It is only because of them that liberty and freedom are now enjoyed by the people of the United States of America.
Advertisement