The Korean war started on the 25th of June, 1950 and lasted three years till an armistice was declared on the 27th of July, 1953. It resulted in the death of three million people and caused massive destruction of property. The causes of the war were deep-rooted and the two most powerful nations of the world – Soviet Union, and the United States of America – abetted the two warring nations of North Korea and South Korea.
The Korean War
Ever since the 7th century, Korea had existed as a unified country. However, after the Sino-Japanese war in 1894-95, certain parts of Korea were occupied by Japan. The Japanese conquered Korea entirely in August 1910, whereafter it remained a Japanese colony until the Second World War.
After Japan’s surrender in WWII, the Soviet Union held the northern half of Korea and established a communist state, called the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, under Kim-Il-Sung. The US controlled the southern half, called the Republic of Korea, from Tokyo.
Today, South Korea has become a major economic power, while North Korea is a poverty-stricken nation with military rule. On 4 October 2007, South Korean President, Roh Moo-hyun and the North Korean supreme leader, Kim Jong-Il signed an eight-point peace agreement on issues of permanent peace, economic cooperation, diplomatic talks and renewal of road, air and train services between the two countries. It is hoped by the masses that these overtures would one day result in the unification of the two nations.