Historical Time Periods

A List of Historical Time Periods to Take You Through the Past

The following article attempts to cover some of the important historical time periods of the world that has helped shape the world today. Continue reading for more information related to history by period.
The historical time period begins from the time when earth was going through evolution. Each historical time period is categorized by specific date, events, and place in history. These major categories of history by period is divided into geological, historical, and cosmological. The ancient history by period is based on the ancient written records, archaeological findings, and stories of bygone eras being told over the ages. The historical time periods begins from the early Stonehenge. But, we shall not go so deep into the past and have a quick sneak preview of the list of historical time periods.

List of Historical Time Periods

The following list begins from the early Bronze Age. This was an era that gave way to the development of great civilizations and empires.

Historical Time Period/(Country)Period
Ancient Period
Iron Age
Mesopotamia3500 BC - 559 BC
Indus Valley Civilization3300 BC - 1300 BC
Old Kingdom (Egypt)3000 BC - 2000 BC
  • Middle Kingdom of Egypt
  • Middle Kingdoms of India
  • Middle Kingdoms of China
2000 BC - 1300 BC
Shang Dynasty
(China)
1800 BC - 1200 BC
Vedic period
(India)
1500 BC - 500 BC
New Kingdom, Egypt1300 BC - 700 BC
Zhou Dynasty
(China)
1200 BC - 500 BC
Ancient Greecec. 3300 BC - 31 BC
Jomon period
(Japan)
800 BC - 400 BC
Ancient Rome509 BC - AD 476
Yayoi period
(Japan)
400 BC - AD 300
Kofun period
(Japan)
300 - 600
Migration period
(Europe)
200 - 700
Coptic period
(Egypt)
300 - 900
Middle Ages
  • Dark Age (Europe, 4th century - 900)
  • Viking Age (Scandinavia, Europe, 793 - 1066)
AD 500 - 1000
  • Asuka period
  • Nara period
  • Heian period
  • Kamakura period
  • Muromachi period
  • Azuchi-Momoyama period
(Japan)
538 - 1603
  • Southern and Northern Dynasties
  • Sui Dynasty
  • Tang Dynasty
  • Period of Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
(China)
420 - 960
  • Liao Dynasty
  • Song Dynasty
  • Jin Dynasty
(China)
1115 - 1234
  • Western Xia Dynasty
  • Yuan Dynasty
  • Ming Dynasty
(China)
220 - 1644
Classic and Postclassic eras
(Central America)
200 - 1519
  • Gupta Empire
  • Pala Empire
  • Rashtrakuta
  • Hoysala Empire
  • Kakatiya Empire
(India)
280 - 1323
Islamic Golden Age
(Middle East)
700 - 1300
High Middle Ages (Feudalism) European military expansion1000 - 1450
Srivijaya
(Indonesia)
3rd century to 14th century
Tarumanagara
(Indonesia)
358 - 723
Sailendra
(Indonesia)
8th & 9th centuries
Kingdom of Sunda
(Indonesia)
669 - 1579
Kingdom of Mataram
(Indonesia)
752 - 1045
Kediri
(Indonesia)
1045 - 1221
Singhasari
(Indonesia)
1222 - 1292
Majapahit
(Indonesia)
293 -1500
Chenla
(Cambodia)
630 - 802
Khmer Empire
(Cambodia)
802 - 1432
  • Anterior Lý Dynasty and Triệu Việt Vương
  • Third Chinese domination
  • Khúc Family
  • Dương Đình Nghệ
  • Kiều Công Tiễn
  • Ngô Dynasty
  • The 12 Lords Rebellion
  • Đinh Dynasty
  • Prior Lê Dynasty
  • Lý Dynasty
  • Trần Dynasty
  • Hồ Dynasty
  • Fourth Chinese domination
(Vietnam)
544 - 1427
  • Early Intermediate
  • Middle Horizon
  • Late Intermediate
  • Late Horizon
(Peru)
200 - 1534
The Renaissance Period
(Italy)
1300 - 1500
Early Modern Period
Age of Discovery (or Exploration)
(Europe)
15th century - 17th century
Elizabethan period
(United Kingdom)
1558 - 1603
The Protestant Reformation
(Europe)
16th century
Jacobean Era
(United Kingdom)
1603 - 1625
The Age of Enlightenment (or Reason)
(Europe)
18th century
Tokugawa shogunate
(Japan)
1603 - 1868
Mughal Empire
(India)
1526 - 1857
Ottoman Empire 1299 - 1923
Qing dynasty
(China)
1644 - 1912
Spanish hegemonyAmerica: 16th century - 1820s, Europe: 16th and 17th century, Philippines: 1525 - 1898
Modern era
Petrine Era, Russia 1689 - 1725
Industrial Revolution18th and 19th centuries
Napoleonic Era1799 - 1815
Georgian Era
(United Kingdom)
1714 - 1830
Victorian era
1837 - 1901
Romantic Era1850 - 1920
Gilded Age
(United States)
late 19th century
Edwardian period
(United Kingdom)
1901 - 1910
Meiji period
(Japan)
1868 - 1912
Progressive era
(United States)
1880s to the 1920s
Machine Age1900 - 1945
Age of Oilafter 1901
World War I1914 - 1918
Interwar period1918 - 1939 or 1937
World War II1939 - 1945
Atomic Ageafter 1945
Post-war era1946 - 1962
The Sixties1960 - 1969
Cold War
(Soviet Union and United States, and their allies.)
1945 - 1989 or 1991
Space Ageafter 1957
Post-Modern Age
Information Age1970 - circa 2025
The Seventies1970 - 1979
The Eighties1980 - 1989
The Nineties1990 - 1999
The Noughties2000 - 2009
The Tens2010 - 2019

This was a bit about the historical time periods. The world history is very vast and it will takes ages to explain each event in detail. Hope the above information on historical time period has helped you get a fair idea of the important events that took place throughout history.
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