Certain people have shaped the world with their contributions to the various spheres of life. The article below presents a list of some of the most influential people in history. This following list of the most important people in history that will help you learn about those who shaped the world.
List of Top Influential People
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
The pioneer of 'satyagraha' or the non-violence movement who led India to achieve independence from the British rule. He is known as the 'Great Soul' and is known as the Father of the Nation in India. Mahatma Gandhi's birthday on 2nd October is celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.
Prophet of Islam and conqueror of Arabia.
The Chinese philosopher who is known as the founder of Confucianism.
The proselytizer of Christianity.
The inventor of paper.
German printer who invented the mechanical printing press.
A Greek mathematician who is known for Euclidian geometry.
The Prophet of Judaism.
The biologist who described Darwinian theory of evolution.
Shih Huang Ti
A Chinese emperor who took power in 221 B.C.E and molded the China of today.
He was the adopted son of Julius Caesar. He became the first ruler of the Roman Empire. He ruled the Roman Empire single-handedly from January 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
An astronomer who put forth the theory of heliocentricity.
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
The father of modern chemistry who was also a philosopher and economist.
The great Roman emperor who completely legalized Christianity, leading to its status as state religion.
The man who developed steam engine.
A chemist who discovery of magneto-electricity.
James Clerk Maxwell
The man who gave electromagnetic spectrum.
Martin Luther King Jr.
An American clergyman, and the leader of the African-American civil rights movement. He is a human rights icon and recognized as a martyr by two Christian churches.
The founder of Marxism.
Orville and Wilbur Wright
The brothers who invented the airplane.
The Theory of Moral Sentiments.
John Dalton Quaker
A chemist who gave the atomic theory, law of partial pressures called Dalton's law.
Alexander the Great
The Greek conqueror of the world, who invaded and defeated Persia, Syria, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and India.
The Emperor of the French, a military and political leader of France who shaped the early 19th century European politics.
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
The father of microbiology and the first microbiologist ever.
William T. G. Morton
The pioneer of anesthesiology.
The inventor of radio.
The totalitarian leader of Germany who is known for the genocide of Jewish, Romani and other people for what is known as the Holocaust.
The Greek philosopher who is founder of Platonism.
The British political and military leader.
The inventor of penicillin.
The father of Liberalism.
The Japanese professor who influenced quality management in North America and is known for the Ishikawa or cause and effect diagram or the fish bone diagram for industrial process.
The founder of quantum mechanics and known for asserting the uncertainty principle of quantum theory.
The inventor and pioneer of photography.
He is the Atheist National hero of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
A philosopher and mathematician.
The most famous Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect.
Pope Urban II
He called for First Crusade.
James Watson and Francis Crick
They were the first to propose the double helix structure of DNA molecule in 1953.
The king of India who converted to and spread Buddhism after witnessing the mass deaths at the war of Kalinga.
The man who described the circulation of blood, wrote essays on the Generation of Animals and the basis for modern embryology.
A physicist and pioneer of subatomic physics who gave the Rutherford model of an atom.
The founder of Calvinism.
He is known for Mendel's laws of genetics.
A physicist who is considered the founder of quantum theory and most important physicists of the 20th century.
Joseph Lister Quaker
The principal discoverer of antiseptics, which greatly reduced surgical mortality.
Nikolaus August Otto
He built the first four-stroke internal combustion engine.
The Spanish conqueror in South America who defeated the Incas.
He conquered Mexico for Spain through war and introduced smallpox from European that largely destroyed Aztec civilization.
The 3rd president of United States.
Queen Isabella I
The Queen of Castile and Leon who along with her husband Ferdinand II of Aragon bought stability to both kingdoms that lead to the unification of Spain as a nation.
Marxism revolutionary and ruler of USSR.
William the Conqueror
The man who laid foundation of modern England.
He put forth the Freudian psychology/ psychoanalysis and founded Freudian school of psychology/ psychoanalysis.
The man who discoverer of the vaccination for smallpox.
Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
He discovered X-rays.
The only woman who became the Prime Minister of United Kingdom and the Leader of the Conservative Party.
Founder of Taoism.
A French Enlightenment writer, essayist and philosopher.
An astronomer who gave eponymous laws of planetary motions.
Father of atom bomb.
The greatest mathematician of the 18th century.
Aung San Suu Kyi
She is a Burmese opposition politician and General Secretary of the National League for Democracy. She has been under house arrest in Myanmar for almost 14 years in the past 20 years.
The writer of the influential political treatise 'The Prince'.
She became the first woman Prime Minister of Pakistan, a Muslim state.
An endocrinologist who developed birth-control pill.
The founder of Manicheanism that was once a world religion, which rivaled Christianity in strength.
A Communist Russian ruler.
Sui Wen Ti
The founder and first emperor of the Sui Dynasty.
Vasco da Gama
He discovered the route from Europe to India around Cape Hood.
Cyrus the Great
The Zoroastrianism founder of Persian empire.
Peter the Great
The man who forged Russia into a great European nation.
The founder of Maoism, a form of Communism.
He delineated inductive scientific method.
The man who became American founder of Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production.
President Barack Obama
He is the current and the first African-American to who became the President of the United States of America.
The founder of Zoroastrianism.
Queen Elizabeth I
She restored Church of England to power after Queen Mary.
The Orthodox Russian premier who helped end Communism in USSR.
He unified Upper and Lower Egypt.
He is today known as the founding father of French and German empire and as the Father of Europe.
The Greek epic poet.
The Roman emperor who reconquered Mediterranean empire and accelerated the Catholic-Monophysite schism.
The founder of Jainism.